Miss Alice Burton

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Alice gives the final touches whilst her dog Jane looks on. The Daily Express, 23.3.1933 ©Mirrorpix [1]
Miss Alice Mary Burton R.B.A., 40, (1892-1973) painted the portrait of Lady Rhondda presented at the dinner as well as the full length portrait currently hanging in the House of Lords. Alice had been elected a full Member of the Royal Society of British Artists in 1932, the year before the dinner.[2] [3] [4] She also became a member of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters. She has been one of my favourite finds in researching this dinner. This great find of Alice putting the finishing touches to the portrait was on the front page of the Daily Express.  Less encouraging was the front page on the same paper the day after the dinner, headlined “Judea declares War on Germany”, reporting on the Jewish anti-Nazi boycott. [5]

SEATED BESIDE

Jane, her dog?  More seriously, the ideal dinner partners might have been Cicely Hamilton and Stephen Gwynn, both francophiles.  I don’t know how connected Alice felt to France, despite being born there, but perhaps a good conversation may well have set up Cicely, later sitting for Alice, in 1937.

WHAT’S ON HER MIND?

No doubt she would hope that the picture would go down well and perhaps lead to future commissions. We do know that the Chair, Winifred Cullis, who presented the portrait to Lady Rhondda, must have approved as Alice painted her portrait a few years later, in more formal garb but with a human touch.

ALICE’S STORY SO FAR

Alice Mary Burton was born on 21st September 1892 in Nogent-les-Vierges, (now called Nogent-sur-Oise), Oise, Picardie, France, the sixth of eight children and the only daughter of Alice Edith Burton, née Hoyle, born in Huddersfield and Charles William Burton, a Notting Hill, London born metals engineer and dealer working in France (whose parents also lived in Paris).[6] Alice studied art at the Byam Shaw and Vicat Cole School of Art (absorbed into Central St Martins in 2003) and at the Regent Street Polytechnic School (achieving Bronze and Silver Medals). She was a portrait and figure painter, although producing a few landscapes, with exhibitions at the ROI, RBA, RA and the Paris Salon.[7] She also painted (later) the portraits of Winifred Cullis, the chair of the dinner and presenter of the painting and of Cicely Hamilton, a “bold painting” exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1937.

In March 1912 a Miss Alice Burton subscribed a shilling to the William Ball Fund, along with, inter alia, Henry Nevinson and Eva Moore. In 1911 William Ball had been in prison for suffrage activities, force-fed, and in 1912 declared insane and released to a lunatic asylum without his wife being told.[8] This may not be our Alice, but it might be: she would have been 19.

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Studio 1, 77 Bedford Gardens, Kensington, London W8

In 1924 (January 19th – February 9th) Alice exhibited two paintings at the 34th Annual Exhibition of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters at the Royal Academy: Portrait Sketch and Mrs Ellerby Bell.[9]

Mrs Ellerby Bell, born Lucy Anna Weddell in c 1849 in Berwick on Tweed, the daughter of James Call Weddell, was the widow of James Ellerby Bell, who lost his life, along with another 127 of the 144 passengers and crew, in the sinking of the S.S. Berlin off the Hook of Holland in 1907. It was a major disaster for the time.[10] James Ellerby was born in Moscow and in 1907 was residing in Moscow and in Southborough, Kent. At the time of her death, at least, Lucy Anna lived in Tunbridge Wells (probably with her two unmarried daughters), the home of Alice’s parents, which may account in some way for the commission. In 1911 the widowed Lucy was living at the family home of Mount Sandford, Southborough, Kent, with her 30 year old daughter Ada Lucy: she had 7 children, 3 of who were deceased by 1911.

In the RSPP catalogue, Alice was listed simply as A.M. Burton. Next on the catalogue list was the well-known Welsh portraitist Christopher Williams, one sitter being David Lloyd George.

In early 1931 – two years before the dinner – Alice was commissioned to paint Lady Rhondda’s portrait, by whom and for purpose she was not informed. The Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail of 29th May 1931 picked up the story then doing the rounds:

Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail 29.5.1931 p3

NOVELTY IN WALL DECORATION. Success has soon come to Miss Alice Burton, the artist, who has just been made R.B.A., the only woman to be accorded this honour this year. She also has three pictures in the Paris Salon. Miss Burton is now painting Lady Rhondda in country attire as a presentation portrait. But neither Miss Burton nor Lady Rhondda knows who is presenting it (writes “Mr. Gossip,” in the “Daily Sketch.”) This artist never wastes the paint on her palette. Instead of washing it off she puts it on her walls. “I like that kind of background for my Portraits,” she said. “If one has all the colours of the spectrum on the walls, one’s sitter does not get any reflection.

The Daily Sketch was then owned by Sir Gomer Berry. And the Western Mail, another Berry brothers paper, also ran the story.

Western Mail 29th September 1931 page 9

PORTRAIT OF LADY RHONDDA. Well-kept Secret of a Presentation. Lady Rhondda is having her portrait painted for presentation by Miss Alice Burton, the eminent woman artist, who has had three portraits in the Paris Salon this season. Miss Burton has also just been made an R.B.A., the only woman to be accorded this honour this year. Lady Rhondda visits Miss Burton in her studio in Gloucester Gate, London, for her sittings. “I have no idea who is presenting the portrait to Lady Rhondda. She does not know, either,” Miss Burton told a press representative. ” I was telephoned one morning by someone stated to represent a committee who wished to make this presentation, and I was commissioned to do it.” Miss Burton painted a portrait of Sir Kynaston Studd, one of London’s Lord Mayors, which was exhibited in the Royal Academy.

Gloucester Gate perhaps should have read Gloucester Place.

All this suggests that the Berry brothers may well have been partly behind the commission – and they had the wherewithal.

dog-art.pngFinally, and miraculously, an image of Alice has emerged from the ether, not only that, but a photograph of her putting the final touches to her portrait of Lady Rhondda, with her dog Jane patiently watching.

“Watched by her dog Jane, Miss A.M. Burton, R.B.A., was yesterday putting the finishing touches to a presentation portrait of Lady Rhondda. Jane sits for hours on a stool beside the easel in the London studio, while her mistress is at work. The Daily Express, 23rd March 1933

Perhaps someone at the Rembrandt made sure the paint was dry? Now we also know that Alice had a dog.

puzzle-piece2-50What is also interesting for us is that Alice painted two versions of this portrait. The other one was quite recently sold to the Museum of Wales in Cardiff, where it now hangs. The third major portrait is the full length one, more formal, also recently acquired by the House of Lords where it now hangs. Both these latter portraits were left by Alice to her nieces in her will. What we don’t know is where the portrait presented at our dinner is! Can you help?

WHAT ALICE DID NEXT

Alice would often paint more than one version of a picture, as I suspect do many artists. In June 1933 she was to show her skill is reproducing her work in short order. She had been commissioned to paint the portrait of the former headmaster of Cheltenham College and it was duly delivered in the autumn of 1932. But in early June when the painting was unwrapped ahead of the presentation at the end of the month it was found to have been damaged by being pressed against the glass. Requests to repair it were waved away by Alice who in two weeks painted a new one in time for the ceremony. The press report cited a number of the portraits she had done in the past, including that of Lady Rhondda, perhaps a nod at “our” portrait or the more formal one in the House of Lords, painted in 1931, the year she started the informal portrait.[11]

As a member of the RBA Alice’s work now began to appear more regularly:

“Miss Alice Burton’s ‘At the Seventh Time’, one of the most striking figure-landscapes has a conspicuous position ….. in the main gallery” A Royal Academy exhibition, Gloucestershire Echo 17th May 1934

“One finds a ruggedness unexpectedly in Miss Alice Burton’s Cicely Hamilton. Rather remarkable both in choice of colours and treatment” A Royal Academy exhibition, Belfast Telegraph, 1st May 1937

“…the very vital one of Miss Cicely Hamilton by Miss Alice M. Burton” A Royal Academy exhibition, Aberdeen Press and Journal 1st May 1937

“An arresting and sympathetic portrait of the Bishop of London in his amethyst gown by A. M. Burton” An RBA exhibition, The Sphere 13th May 1939[12]

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The Bishop of London by Alice M. Burton

Alice’s interests included fishing and natural history. She was a member of the Women’s Provisional Club. During WW2 she was an ambulance driver, according to the census records of 1939, with the Middlesex Ambulance Department No. 14, living at 8 Pembroke Studios, Kensington, London W8, a mews address off Pembroke Gardens. Also at that address was the 19 year old Winifred Robison, born 9th July 1913, herself in theatre/acting/stage management.

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Pembroke Studios

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After WW2 Alice moved to Pightle Cottage, Silverstone in Northamptonshire.

In 1952 she was commissioned to paint a portrait of the Northamptonshire cricketer, (local to her of course) and former English cricket captain Freddie Brown. True to form she produced “a life-like and spirited composition” at her Silverstone studio (noting that she spent half of her time between there and her London studio). She told the press that she “very much enjoyed painting Mr. Brown. He was a very good sitter, but then, I never have any difficulty with my subjects. They come and say they haven’t long, but then they stay on and sit for much longer than they intended.[13]

Alice died peacefully at Pightle Cottage at 80 years of age on 8th February 1973. Alice’s date of death is incorrectly stated as 1968 on all websites, at museums holding her works, in sales catalogues of all showrooms. Confusion over the year of her birth has also not been helped by the incorrect year, 1893, being included in the 1939 census – perhaps a recording error, or perhaps even Alice was mistaken. Our research is definitive: 21.9.1892 – 8.2.1973 and we are pleased to have rediscovered another six years of her life.

The bulk of Alice’s estate went to her two nieces, Mary Eleanor Powell Burton (1914-1985) of Upper Ashfield, Elliots Lane, Walsall, and Caroline Geary Burton (1917 – ) of 4 Grundy’s Lane, Malvern Wells, daughters of her eldest brother Charles. A “Benvenuto Cellini” cabinet was left to her married niece Mrs Gwendolen Margaret Eleanor Bruce (1912 – 1996), daughter of her brother William, who has living relatives.

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POSTSCRIPT ON ALICE’S FAMILY

It is probable that all her siblings were also born in France, though this can be confirmed so far for only William Arthur, Tom, Richard and Robert Griffiths (all at various addresses in Nogent-les-Vierges). One sibling (perhaps a daughter, perhaps a son) has not been traced so far (but we know from the census that in 1911 her mother had had eight children, one being deceased at the time). Her eldest brother Charles Frederick Burton (birthplace still to be confirmed) lived in Paris and traded US and British steel into France. Her brother William Arthur Burton was also in the steel trading business and married and lived in the USA – perhaps the two brothers were in business together. Robert Griffiths Burton was a Director in Southern Rhodesia, married with one daughter – she later moved to South Africa. Henry Rossiter Burton died in Sussex, and Tom Burton at his home Burr Hill, East Grinstead (where he hosted the party after brother Robert’s wedding, attended by Alice and several of his siblings). But the trail runs cold so far on Alice’s brother Richard Burton.

Interestingly one attendee at brother Robert’s wedding was Miss Moberly Bell, then the headmistress of Lady Margaret School, Parsons Green, who may have been succeeded by Florence Marshall, one of the candidates for Table 15. Perhaps the Cairo-born bride attended the school. To add to the coincidences Joan’s father was married at St Augustine’s, a church local to me in Highbury, North London. Coincidences or clues?

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Alice’s brother Robert and his bride Miss Joan Thurston Houssemayne du Boulay, 16th October 1934 Kent & Sussex Courier 19.10.1934  ©Mirrorpix [14]
Further research may identify living relatives today, descended from her siblings.[14] Some have also quite credibly traced her pedigree back to the 13th century Burtons of Rutland, whose members were MPs to Westminster and defended the castles of Cardigan and Aberystwyth against Welsh rebels.

The French connection goes back to Alice’s grandfather, Arthur William Burton, born in Norfolk in 1805, married to Ellen Jones (whose own mother was an O’Brien) and who died in 1884 at 14 Rue Berlioz, 16th arrondissement, Paris, owner of A Burton & Fils, engineers and manufacturers of steam pumps, elevating and conveying appliances, which he had set up in 1855. In 1883 one Edward Meredith Griffiths entered the business in Paris and worked in the drawing office. AWB died in 1884 and in 1886 EM Griffiths until 1891 when he set up in business with Alice’s father Charles W Burton – the Fils of A Burton & Fils – in the firm C W Burton, Griffiths & Co. In 1894 Griffiths became the sole proprietor.

It is clear that the Griffiths and Burton families stayed close, as Alice and her brothers Charles Frederick Burton and Robert Griffiths Burton were all beneficiaries of E.M. Griffiths’s will – A “Midland Manufacturers Fortune” ran the headline – when he died in October 1933, a few months after our dinner. And we might safely assume that Robert’s second name Griffiths must be after him – Robert was born in 1894, the year E.M. Griffiths took sole ownership. C.W.Burton, Griffiths &Co. had offices in Ludgate Hill, London and Glasgow. A Mrs Griffiths attended Robert Burton’s 1934 wedding, most likely the widow of the recently deceased E.M. Griffiths.

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BACK TO TOP TABLE


[1] The Daily Express, 23.3.1933 p20, ©Mirrorpix

[2] BBC Report on Portrait Unveiling http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-south-east-wales-15470936

[3] Richard Taylor Fine Art, Alice Mary Burton, accessed 4.1.2018 http://www.richardtaylorfineart.com/artist/alice-mary-burton

[4] Miss Alice Burton, Hutchinson’s Woman’s Who’s Who 1934, Hutchinson & Co. London.

[5] The Daily Express, 24.3.1933 front page as reported in Wikipedia

[6] Note Alice was not born in 1893 as some art dealer pages online suggest.

[7] Art UK, Alice Mary Burton, accessed 4.1.2018 https://artuk.org/discover/artists/burton-alice-mary-18931968

[8] Votes for Women, 29th March 1912 p3

[9] I am indebted to Alastair Adams, PPRP for information on Alice and on the 1924 exhibition: Item No 121, listed p 18 in the catalogue, and No 229 on page 29.

[10] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Berlin_(1894)

[11] The Cheltenham Chronicle, 1.7.1933

[12] Alice Mary Burton, Arthur Foley Winnington-Ingram (1858–1946), Bishop of London (1901–1939),The Museum of Fulham Palace

[13] Northamptonshire Mercury 1.8.1952

[14] I am in touch with someone in Australia whose wife is a descendant of Anna Maria Burton, sister of Arthur William Burton who set up his business in Paris – she is a “second cousin twice removed” of her eldest brother Charles Frederick, and therefore also of Alice.

[15] Kent & Sussex Courier 19.10.1934 p18 ©Mirrorpix, Image created courtesy British Library Board, Sourced Britishnewspapersarchive.com

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